Bring fact-checked results to the top of your browser search. Courtesy of Steven Watson, author of The Harlem Renaissance, Pantheon This interest in black heritage coincided with efforts to define an American culture distinct from that of Europe, one that would be characterized by ethnic pluralism as well as a democratic ethos.
Early life and education[ edit ] Alain LeRoy Locke, c. He was their only child. His father was the first black employee of the U. He also attended Philadelphia School of Pedagogy. At that time, Rhodes selectors did not meet candidates in person, but there is evidence that at least some selectors knew he was African-American.
Inhe attended the University of Berlinwhere he studied philosophy. Locke wrote from Oxford in that the "primary aim and obligation" of a Rhodes Scholar "is to acquire at Oxford and abroad generally a liberal educationand to continue subsequently the Rhodes mission [of international understanding] throughout life and in his own country.
If once more it should prove impossible for nations to understand one another as nations, then, as Goethe said, they must learn to tolerate each other as individuals".
Locke returned to Harvard in to work on his doctoral dissertation, The Problem of Classification in the Theory of Value. In his thesis, he discusses the causes of opinions and social biases, and that these are not objectively true or false, and therefore not universal.
Locke received his PhD in philosophy in Locke returned to Howard University as the chair of the department of philosophy. During this period, he began teaching the first classes on race relations, leading to his dismissal in Locke Hall, on the Howard campus, is named after him. Locke promoted African-American artists, writers, and musicians, encouraging them to look to Africa as an inspiration for their works.
He encouraged them to depict African and African-American subjects, and to draw on their history for subject material.
The Harlem Renaissance and the "New Negro"[ edit ] Locke was the guest editor of the March issue of the periodical Survey Graphic titled "Harlem, Mecca of the New Negro", a special on Harlem and the Harlem Renaissance, which helped educate white readers about its flourishing culture.
A landmark in black literature later acclaimed as the "first national book" of African America it was an instant success. Locke contributed five essays: Its most important component is overall awareness of the potential black equality; no longer would blacks allow themselves to adjust themselves or comply with unreasonable white requests.
This idea was based on self-confidence and political awareness. Because this was an idea and not a law, its power was held in the people. If they wanted this idea to flourish, they were the ones who would need to "enforce" it through their actions and overall points of view.
While his own writing was sophisticated philosophy, and therefore not popularly accessible, he mentored others in the movement who would become more broadly known, like Zora Neale Hurston.Aaron Douglas () was the Harlem Renaissance artist whose work best exemplified the 'New Negro' philosophy.
The Star Spangled Banner Echoed in the Literature and Music of the Harlem Renaissance Music/Library Science Grade Levels (9, 10) Julia Loving, School Media Specialist. In a group of authors inspired by the Harlem Writers Guild founded the Umbra Workshop to advance African American literary independence in the arts.
The Umbra Workshop was based on the Lower East Side, signifying a break with the literary traditions of Harlem.
The Online Writing Lab (OWL) at Purdue University houses writing resources and instructional material, and we provide these as a free service of the Writing Lab at Purdue. The Star Spangled Banner Echoed in the Literature and Music of the Harlem Renaissance Music/Library Science Grade Levels (9, 10) Julia Loving, School Media Specialist.
Aaron Douglas () was the Harlem Renaissance artist whose work best exemplified the 'New Negro' philosophy.