Academic reflection

Critical evaluation of method 4.

Academic reflection

Reflective Essay Examples |

Find articles by Henk G. Received Feb 7; Accepted Apr Abstract The purposes of the present study were two-fold: To that end, the reflection journals of first-year applied science students at a local Academic reflection were studied by means of an automated coding procedures using software.

Data was collected twice, once at the beginning and again towards the end of an academic year. Outcomes of the textual content analyses revealed that students reflected on both the process and contents of their learning: Correlational analyses showed weak to moderate inter-relationships between the textual categories and their classroom and knowledge acquisition test grades.

Taken together, the findings suggest that self-reflection on both how and what students have learned does lead to improvements in academic performance, although to a limited extent.

Self-reflection or simply, reflection has received numerous definitions from different sources in the literature. According to Mann et al. The definition of reflection by Moonon the other hand, focuses more on the role of reflection and learning, and embeds reflection into the learning process.

All three definitions though focus on different contexts, share similarities in that they emphasize purposeful critical analysis of knowledge and experience so as to achieve deeper meaning and understanding.

The definitions of self-reflection, though heterogeneous, are united in their advocacy to improve student learning.


In the present study, self-reflection is influenced by these interpretations. It refers to the processes that a learner undergoes to look back on his past learning experiences and what he did to enable learning to occur i.

Reflecting on the relationship between problem solving and learning is a critical component of PBL and is needed to support the construction of extensive and flexible knowledge Salomon and Perkins According to Salomon and Perkins, self-reflection helps students to a review the group process and their own personal functioning in the group, b understand how their learning and problem-solving strategies might be reapplied, and c relate new knowledge to prior understanding i.

PBL incorporates reflection several times throughout the learning process and when completing a problem. At the completion of a problem, students reflect on what they have learned, how well they collaborated with the group, and how effectively they directed their learning.

As such, students learn self-reflection when they become proficient in assessing their own progression in learning. In her work, Hmelo-Silver highlighted that while a tutor can support self-reflection in PBL, other techniques may also be helpful. One approach to improving self-reflection is through the use of reflection journals.

Reflection journal writing is believed to enable students to critically review processes of their own learning and behaviours, and to understand their ability to transform their own learning strategies Gleaves et al. Although used in a variety of courses, reflection journals are essentially written records that students create as they think about various concepts learned, about critical incidents involving their learning, or about interactions between students and teachers, over a period of time for the purpose of gaining insights into their own learning Thorpe The purposes of reflection journal writing include: It is hoped that through reflecting and writing about new information or ideas, learners can better understand and remember them.

Academic reflection

In their study, McCrindle and Christensen explored the impact of reflection journal writing on cognitive processes and academic performances of forty undergraduates in a first-year biology course. Students were randomly assigned to a learning journal experimental group or scientific report control group.

Their findings demonstrate that students in the experimental group used more cognitive strategies during a learning task as compared to those in the control group. Students who kept learning journals also showed more sophisticated conceptions of learning, greater awareness of cognitive strategies, and demonstrated the construction of more complex and related knowledge structures when learning from text.

They also performed significantly better on the final examination for the course.

Academic Reflection Activities

The literature offers evidence that students, regardless of their domains of study, show improvements in their learning, that is, students became better in self-reflection, through journal keeping, although students did not reportedly become better at earning higher test grades.

For instance, Selfe et al. Their findings suggest that while reflection journals did not necessarily assist students with earning high grades on achievement tests, they did assist students in developing abstract thinking thereby enabling them to better conceptualize the meaning of technical definitions.

Students appeared to develop better strategies in problem solving through writing as compared to mere memorizing of calculations.

In addition, students also showed improvements in their reflective writing skills, for instance, they were able to develop personal conceptual definitions that were more understandable than technical definitions of the texts.

The findings by Selfe and colleagues were mirrored in the study by Moonwhere she summarized a number of studies which examined the effects of reflection journal writing on student academic achievement across a variety of disciplines.

Self-reflection and academic performance: is there a relationship?

She reported that some studies showed effects, whilst others did not.Genres in academic writing: Reflective writing.

The purpose of reflective writing is to help you learn from a particular practical experience. Academic Reflection Activities Complete this form prior to your advising appointment.

After you submit this form, it will be emailed to the adviser you selected and the email address you provided. Reflective Essay Samples Reflecting on a chosen topic requires deep insight, making reflective essays difficult to write.

Read our samples of reflective essays to gain a greater understanding of how to write one on your own. • Use search terms from your earlier research to locate precise support/ academic detail (e.g. from journals).

Academic reflection

• Expand each point you want to make, focusing your research to expand on your main points. 6. WWWWrrrriiiitttteeee • Write using a detailed plan for each reflection: describe, interpret, evaluate and plan for future application.

May 05,  · Reflection journals, self-reflection and academic achievement. Self-reflection’s currency as a topic of educational importance has resulted in the incorporation of reflection journals as learning tools that promote reflection into many curricula, including PBL (Mann et al.

). Aug 22,  · How to Write a Reflection Paper. Reflection papers allow you to communicate with your instructor about how a specific article, lesson, lecture, or experience shapes your understanding of class-related material.

Maintain a professional or academic tone. A reflection paper is personal and objective, but you 85%().

Reflective Essay Examples |