The feudal states were not contiguous but rather were scattered at strategic locations surrounded by potentially dangerous and hostile lands. The fortified city of the feudal lord was often the only area that he controlled directly; the state and the city were therefore… Origins of the idea The terms feudalism and feudal system were generally applied to the early and central Middle Ages—the period from the 5th century, when central political authority in the Western empire disappeared, to the 12th century, when kingdoms began to emerge as effective centralized units of government. Before and afterward, however, political units were fragmented and political authority diffused. The mightier of the later Carolingians attempted to regulate local magnates and enlist them in their service, but the power of local elites was never effaced.
Colonial economy to s[ edit ] Shipping scene in Salem, Massachusetts, a shipping hub, in the s The colonial economy differed significantly from that of most other regions in that land and natural resources were abundant in America but labor was scarce.
Population growth was responsible for over three-quarters of the economic growth of the British American colonies. The free white population had the highest standard of living in the world. Under the colonial system Britain put restrictions on the type of products that could be made in the colonies and put restrictions on trade outside the British Empire.
Demographics[ edit ] Initial colonization of North America was extremely difficult and the great majority of settlers before died in their first year. Settlers had to depend on what they could hunt and gather plus what they brought with them and on uncertain shipments of food, tools and supplies until they could build shelters and forts, clear land and grow enough food and build gristmills, sawmills, iron works and blacksmith shops to be self-supporting.
They also had to defend themselves against raids from hostile Indians. After population growth was very rapid due to high birth rates 8 children per family versus 4 in Europe and lower death rates than in Europe, and immigration.
The death rate from diseases, especially malaria, was higher in the warm, humid southern colonies than in cold New England. The higher birth rate was due to better employment opportunities. Many young adults in Europe delayed marriage for financial reasons.
Also there were many servants in Europe who were not permitted to marry. Inthere were an estimated 13, black slaves. The economy[ edit ] The colonial economy of what would become the United States was pre-industrial, primarily characterized by subsistence farming.
Farm households also were engaged in handicraft production, mostly for home consumption, but with some goods sold.
The most important agricultural exports were raw and processed feed grains wheat, Indian corn, rice, bread and flour and tobacco. Dried and salted fish was also a significant export.
The economic history of the United States is about characteristics of and important developments in the U.S. economy from colonial times to the present. which were a novelty at the end of the 18th century, began being widely introduced in the s and s. The movement also enjoyed some political success during the s. Between and , the visual map of the United States was transformed by unprecedented urbanization and rapid territorial expansion. These changes mutually fueled the Second Industrial Revolution which peaked between and Between the annexation of . The economic history of the United States is about characteristics of and important developments in the U.S. economy from colonial times to the present. which were a novelty at the end of the 18th century, began being widely introduced in the s and s. The movement also enjoyed some political success during the s.
Another export was potashwhich was derived from hardwood ashes and was used as a fertilizer and for making soap and glass. The colonies depended on Britain for many finished goods, partly because laws prohibited making many types of finished goods in the colonies.
These laws achieved the intended purpose of creating a trade surplus for Britain. The colonial balance trade in goods was heavily in favor of Britain; however, American shippers were able to offset roughly half of the goods trade deficit with revenues earned by shipping between ports within the British Empire.
Wood in Britain was becoming scarce and coke was beginning to be substituted for charcoal; however, coke made inferior iron. Towns were located on or near the coasts or navigable inland waterways.Factors of Urbanisation in the Nineteenth Century Developed Countries: A Descriptive and Econometric Analysis This moderate increase during the 18th century URBANISATION IN THE NINETEENTH CENTURY DEVELOPED COUNTRIES.
Between and , the visual map of the United States was transformed by unprecedented urbanization and rapid territorial expansion. These changes mutually fueled the Second Industrial Revolution which peaked between and Between the annexation of .
Liberalism: Liberalism is a political doctrine that takes protecting and enhancing individual freedom to be the central individual freedom rather than merely protect it is reflected to some extent in the different prevailing conceptions of liberalism in the United States and Europe since the late 20th By the end of the 16th.
In the United States pollsters and scholars have found evidence that the vast majority of Americans continue to believe in supernatural forces, identify themselves in religious terms, and hunger for a spiritually enhanced life.
Political Revolution. ).
From this it follows that the revolutions in the United States and France or the slave uprising in Haiti on which Hegel comments have to be interpreted as indicative of the current stage of development of the idea of freedom.
R., , The Age of Democratic Revolution: A Political History of. The role of Tables of U.S. History Information in the history of the United States of America.