Essay Introductions Write an introduction that interests the reader and effectively outlines your arguments. Every essay or assignment you write must begin with an introduction.
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Quoting, Paraphrasing, and Summarizing Summary: This handout is intended to help you become more comfortable with the uses of and distinctions among quotations, paraphrases, and summaries. This handout compares and contrasts the three terms, gives some pointers, and includes a short excerpt that you can use to practice these skills.
What are the differences among quoting, paraphrasing, and summarizing? These three ways of incorporating other writers' work into your own writing differ according to the closeness of your writing to the source writing.
Quotations must be identical to the original, using a narrow segment of the source. They must match the source document word for word and must be attributed to the original author.
Paraphrasing involves putting a passage from source material into your own words. A paraphrase must also be attributed to the original source. Paraphrased material is usually shorter than the original passage, taking a somewhat broader segment of the source and condensing it slightly.
Summarizing involves putting the main idea s into your own words, including only the main point s. Once again, it is necessary to attribute summarized ideas to the original source.
Summaries are significantly shorter than the original and take a broad overview of the source material. Why use quotations, paraphrases, and summaries? Quotations, paraphrases, and summaries serve many purposes. You might use them to: Provide support for claims or add credibility to your writing Refer to work that leads up to the work you are now doing Give examples of several points of view on a subject Call attention to a position that you wish to agree or disagree with Highlight a particularly striking phrase, sentence, or passage by quoting the original Distance yourself from the original by quoting it in order to cue readers that the words are not your own Expand the breadth or depth of your writing Writers frequently intertwine summaries, paraphrases, and quotations.
As part of a summary of an article, a chapter, or a book, a writer might include paraphrases of various key points blended with quotations of striking or suggestive phrases as in the following example: In his famous and influential work The Interpretation of Dreams, Sigmund Freud argues that dreams are the "royal road to the unconscious" pageexpressing in coded imagery the dreamer's unfulfilled wishes through a process known as the "dream-work" page.
According to Freud, actual but unacceptable desires are censored internally and subjected to coding through layers of condensation and displacement before emerging in a kind of rebus puzzle in the dream itself page. How to use quotations, paraphrases, and summaries Practice summarizing the essay found hereusing paraphrases and quotations as you go.
It might be helpful to follow these steps: Read the entire text, noting the key points and main ideas. Summarize in your own words what the single main idea of the essay is.
Paraphrase important supporting points that come up in the essay. Consider any words, phrases, or brief passages that you believe should be quoted directly. There are several ways to integrate quotations into your text.
Often, a short quotation works well when integrated into a sentence. Longer quotations can stand alone. Remember that quoting should be done only sparingly; be sure that you have a good reason to include a direct quotation when you decide to do so.
You'll find guidelines for citing sources and punctuating citations at our documentation guide pages.Guidelines for Incorporating Quotes. Incorporating Outside Sources.
Quoting from outside sources is an important part of academic writing because it puts you into the scholarly conversation and makes your own ideas and your paper more credible. Having a quote at the beginning or the end of your essay will limit the number of quotes left for the main body.
In an essay, the number of quotes is limited that much. Otherwise, it would be a collection of quotes rather than an original essay. Integrating Quotes into Literary Analysis The following are snippets of actual high school student essays that illustrate how to smoothly integrate quotes into a literary analysis.
Notice how naturally the quotes blend into the essays, yet they provide evidence for the writers’ analyses. Mar 08, · Best Answer: Introduce by the book or author.
for example In the book _____, independence is widely discussed as an aspect of life that is merely imaginative and human-kind's bold (but pitiful) attempt at controlling iridis-photo-restoration.com: Resolved.
Every essay or assignment you write must begin with an introduction. It might be helpful to think of the introduction as an inverted pyramid.
In such a pyramid, you begin by presenting a broad introduction to the topic and end by making a more focused point about that topic in your thesis statement.
Introducing Quotations and Paraphrases The work you produce at university usually involves the important ideas, writings and discoveries of experts in your field of study.
These contributions are always acknowledged by referencing, and there will be times when you introduce other people's views into your work and want to name them in the text.