The discovery of the orion nebula star cluster

Discussing the location of the Orion Nebula, what is seen within the star-formation region, and the effects of interstellar winds in shaping the nebula Amateur image of the Orion Nebula taken with a Sony Alpha a camera Orion Nebula and the Running man Nebula with surrounding nebulosity. The constellation of Orion with the Orion Nebula lower middle The nebula is visible with the naked eye even from areas affected by some light pollution. It is seen as the middle "star" in the "sword" of Orion, which are the three stars located south of Orion's Belt.

The discovery of the orion nebula star cluster

Monica Young September 26, The Orion Nebula Cluster might be home to a black hole more than times the mass of the Sun, according to a recent simulation. At 1, light-years away, that would make it the closest known black hole to Earth.

Most of space is empty. Even when galaxies collide, individual stars are far more likely to exchange passing glances than meet head-on. The Orion Nebula star cluster is tucked in the center of the photogenic Orion Nebula. The cluster core is dominated by the four Trapezium stars.

When two normal stars do collide, the result is a single, more massive star.

The discovery of the orion nebula star cluster

The new simulation is the first to show that even low-mass star clusters could grow their own, more modest black holes, says Jan Pflamm-Altenburg Bonn Astronomy Institutewho was not involved in this study. If two stars get too close together, the code merges them into one.

Stars can also escape the cluster if they gain enough speed through interactions with other stars. Multiple runs of the simulation make clear that, assuming the Orion Nebula Cluster was more compact in its past, a black hole with a mass of at least Suns is inevitable. A solar-mass black hole could explain the high speeds of the Trapezium stars, the four hottest and most massive stars in the Orion Nebula Cluster.

The cluster swells in size as the gas escapes because there is less mass holding the cluster together, and some weakly bound stars escape. The simulation mimics this expulsion, producing a cluster that loses about two-thirds of its mass and expands to five times its initial size.

In the expanded cluster stars collide less frequently, and the runaway growth of the black hole slows down. In the simulation, many of the heaviest stars either merge or escape, which might explain why only 10 OB stars are currently observed in the cluster, much fewer than the 40 OB stars expected.

Even if a black hole is inevitable in the Orion cluster, the trick will be to observe it. In general, black holes become visible when they feed on gas from their surroundings, because the gas heats up and emits light. And even though the simulation indicates that the black hole probably forms a binary system with a star, the two will likely be too far apart for the black hole to feed off its companion.

A black hole could also be observed indirectly, by measuring its effect on the stars whirling in the cluster core. The Orion Nebula Cluster is one of the closest young star clustersabout light-years away, making it easier to study than the massive clusters, which lie at greater distances.A star cluster once thought to belong to the Orion Nebula is actually a separate entity, scientists say.

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A powerful telescope camera made the star cluster NGC find. Once thought to be part of the Orion nebula, the star cluster NGC is actually a separate entity, scientists say.

It appears around the brightest star seen at the bottom of this image, iota Ori. The Orion Nebula is a massive cloud of gas and dust around 1, light years from Earth and is located in the constellation of Orion. It is around 25 light years across and is . Jun 14,  · This image shows a young star cluster surrounded by a vast region of dust and gas.

The image reveals stages in the life cycle of stars. The nebula was first discovered by . The Orion nebula is one of the great wonders of the night discovery goes back years ago when it was first described as "fog" in the observing reports of French astronomer Nicolas.

The discovery of the orion nebula star cluster

M42 - The Orion Nebula. The Orion nebula is one of the brightest nebulae in the sky and can easily be seen with the naked eye. It was discovered by Nicholas Peiresc in (previously it had only been classified as a star - Theta Orionis).

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