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It was one of the deadliest conflicts in history and precipitated major political changes, including the Revolutions of —in many of the nations involved.
Unresolved rivalries at the end of the conflict contributed to the start of World War II about twenty years later. Serbia's reply failed to satisfy the Austrians, and the two moved to a war footing. A network of interlocking alliances enlarged the crisis from a bilateral issue in the Balkans to one involving most of Europe.
Bythe great powers of Europe were divided into two coalitions: The war was fought in and drew upon each powers' colonial empires as well, spreading the conflict across the globe.
The Entente and its allies would eventually become known as the Allied Powerswhile the grouping of Austria-Hungary and Germany would become known as the Central Powers.
The German advance into France was halted at the Battle of the Marne and by the end ofthe Western Front settled into a battle of attritionmarked by a long series of trench lines that changed little until The Eastern Front was marked by much greater exchanges of territory, but though Serbia was defeated inand Romania joined the Allied Powers in only to be defeated innone of the great powers were knocked out of the war until After the sinking of seven US merchant ships by German submarines, and the revelation that the Germans were trying to incite Mexico to make war on the United States, the US declared war on Germany on 6 April The February Revolution in Russia replaced the Tsarist autocracy with the Provisional Governmentbut continuing discontent at the cost of the war led to the October Revolutionthe creation of the Soviet Socialist Republicand the signing of the Treaty of Brest-Litovsk by the new government, ending Russia's involvement in the war.
This allowed the transfer of large numbers of German troops from the East to the Western Front, resulting in the German March Offensive. The offensive was initially successful, but the Allied Powers rallied and drove the Germans back in the Hundred Days Offensive. With its allies defeated, revolution at home, and the military no longer willing to fight, Kaiser Wilhelm abdicated on 9 November and Germany also signed an armistice on 11 November World War I was a significant turning point in the political, cultural, economic, and social climate of the world.
Revolutions and uprisings in the aftermath of the war became widespread, being mainly socialist or anti-colonial in nature. The formation of the League of Nations was intended to prevent another world warbut for various reasons failed to do so.
The rise of the Nazi Party and their central role in World War II led to a focus on how the Treaty of Versailles affected Germany, but the peace treaties in addition to various secret agreements during the war also transformed borders throughout Europe, Asia and the Middle East, with repercussions that still echo to this day.saw some women in England able to vote for the very first time.
In , find out more about their lives in the First World War and take part in Women's Work . The Western Front was the main theatre of war during the First World War.
Following the outbreak of war in August , the German Army opened the Western Front by invading Luxembourg and Belgium, then gaining military control of important industrial regions in France. The First Battle of Bull Run (the name used by Union forces), also known as the First Battle of Manassas (the name used by Confederate forces), was fought on July 21, in Prince William County, Virginia, just north of the city of Manassas and about 25 miles west-southwest of Washington, D.C.
It was the first major battle of the American Civil War.
First Battle of the Marne; Part of the Western Front of World War I: German soldiers (wearing distinctive pickelhaube helmets with cloth covers) on the front line at the First Battle of the Marne. The reason that is important is that the loss of shipping very nearly cost Britain the war, as the British would say, it was a very close-run thing.
Had Scharnhorst and Gneisenau been successful commerce-raiding, it might have been an even closer-run thing. Within each category the battles are listed in date order, and include some of the landmark offensives of the war, such as the disastrous British attack at the Somme, .